Granite is natural magma rocks formed by the combination of various minerals such as quartz, feldspar and mica during the geological formation periods of millions of years.
Granite has a solid structure due to the texture of these minerals in its composition and its aesthetic appearance is with rich color scale,. Granite has been the hardest and durable structural material of the earth sought throughout history.
Granite is a preferred building material in modern architecture with its rich color and texture options as well as its physical properties such as; protecting buildings from external factors, maintaining indoor climate, non-periodic maintenance, reflecting light and protecting brightness for many years and be able to keep its first appearance after long years.
In addition, Granite can be manufactured in various thicknesses and sizes and gives an opportunity to have anchorage holes for facade cladding on it.
Granite was produced in very difficult conditions in ancient times. It is now being produced with advanced methods. Granite applications are exterior floor covering, flooring, stairs, kitchen and bathroom countertops, elevator knobs and fireplaces. Today’s most durable and aesthetic building material Granite has rich color and texture diversity. It is the most functional and hygienic material that can be used both indoors and outdoors due to being easily cleanable.
High abrasion resistance: According to the values in the Mohs chart its hardness is almost the hardness of the diamond due to quartz in its composition. Granite does not scratch with metal or similar materials. It shows a high abrasion resistance even in the areas with a high circulation.
Unbreakable, Bending and High Impact Resistance : Granite is flexible as much as hard. These characteristic features gives it a high impact and bending strength. It does not crack or break during cutting or transporting.
It is hygenic and do not absorb liquid. Its water absorption factor is extremely variable, such as 0.05% – 0.20%. Granite does not hold any stain .
It does not have any capillary fracture: Granite has a homogeneous and compact structure. Non-capillary texture without any crack does not allow the reproduction of microorganisms inside.
Easy Cleaning: Granite takes the brightness from the natural light of quartz. No additional polishing is needed. A neutral detergent which could be solved in water is enough for cleaning. This saves a considerable amount of money on maintenance and cleaning cost.
Unaffected by acid or alkali : Granite has high resistance against abrasive effects of acids and alkalis. For this reason, it is used safely even in laboratory environments where chemicals are used extensively. Lemon, olive oil, vinegar, wine and similar materials do not stain on the counter or bench where granite is applied. They are easily cleaned after.
GRANITE IN TURKEY
Turkey has a large reserves of granite. Turkey’s natural stone reserves are %40 in the world. There are 1 billion cubic meter of granite reserves in Turkey. Today, it is widely used in interior and exterior decoration of buildings due to its beautiful appearance, stability against external factors and water resistance.
In ancient ages in Turkey, Roads, parquet and curbstone are used abundantly as building blocks in buildings since ancient times. Granite is resistant to wear and tear. Resistant to atmospheric effects and decomposition. Today, it is mostly used in flooring, elevators, bathroom – kitchen countertops, decorative items, tables and tables. Granite has benefited people in Turkey especially in kitchens.
It is possible to unearth granite from various parts of Turkey. Some of the most frequent places are; Azdağ Edremit, Ocakları 5 km north of Erdemit Erlu village is on the back of Armutlu village. Uludağ Bursa, Karabelen, Kirazlıyayla, Bakacık and western peak between the large and Kapıdere highlands around the small and large granite masses are encountered. Çavuşbaşı Granite is also famous. Granites frequently appear in various parts of the world but there is no information on where they are deposited, but Turkey’s granite reserves are 3% higher than last year.
At the beginning of the 90s in Turkey, granite is widely used for large project applications due to all these advantages.
Granite is consumed in two forms as crushed stone and block stone on the Turkey’s market. It is mainly used for construction and concrete mortar. It is used in railway road ballast (under the rails), for preparation of filtration layers in wells, in wavebreaks and in dams. The granites unearthed as block stones are considered to be monuments and tombstones, basic pillars, columns and paving stones in the buildings and roads. Granite production in the form of crushed stone does not require very spesific properties and is easier to operate. However, structural properties of the rock are very important in the granites to be produced block stone.